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Web Glossary
Here you will find descriptions of the most popular computer or internet terminologies.


How well a solution to a given issue will work when the size of the issue increases.
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Another term for macro or batch file, a script is a list of commands that can be executed without user interaction. A script language is a simple programming language with which you can write scripts.
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Search Engine
A program which acts like a card catalog for the Internet. Search engines attempt to help a user isolate desired information or resources by searching for keywords that the user specifies. The method for finding this information is usually done by maintaining an index of Web resources that can be queried for the keywords or concepts entered by the user. The index can be built from specific resource lists or created by Web wanderers, robots, spiders, crawlers and worms. From the Net surfer point of view, search engines can be quite tiresome and not very fruitful if you don't know how to use them correctly. Different engines are good for different kinds of searches, so to optimize search results, read the search engine's help section before searching.
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A host computer on a network that holds information (such as Web sites) and responds to requests for information from it (links to another Web page). The term server is also used to refer to the software that makes the act of serving information possible. Commerce servers, for example, use software to run the main functions of an e-commerce Web site, such as product display, online ordering, and inventory management. You'll also hear this described as "shopping cart technology".
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Server has no DNS Entry
This can mean that the URL you have is an incorrect address. Netscape finds Web pages by querying a Domain Name Server (DNS) computer and asking the computer for the numerical address of the name address in the link. If it does not get a reply, it's because the DNS computer has no record of the name.
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Shopping Cart
A shopping cart is a piece of software that acts as an online store's catalog and ordering process. Typically, a shopping cart is the interface between a company's Web site and its deeper infrastructure, allowing consumers to select merchandise; review what they have selected; make necessary modifications or additions; and purchase the merchandise.
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SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol
Communication protocol used over serial lines to support Internet connectivity.
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To connect to the Internet via Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) or Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), you need to have TCP/IP software on your computer. When connected by SLIP/PPP, your computer actually becomes another node on the Internet. You can then run popular client software directly. This has an advantage over a shell account where you will have to double download in order to transfer a file by FTP because the data first goes to network and then to a local machine.
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SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
The standard Internet protocol for transferring electronic mail messages
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The word tagged onto computer terms when it is meant to imply that the product or software is meeting the needs and addressing the "problems" that have been associated with a particular type of computer software package or application. Usually these needs are in abundance and encompass a variety of tasks.
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To send identical and irrelevant postings to many different newsgroups or mailing lists. Usually this posting is something that has nothing to do with the particular topic of a newsgroup or of no real interest to the person on the mailing list. The name comes from a Monty Python song and is considered to be a serious violation of netiquette.
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SQL - Structured Query Language
The standardized query language for requesting information from a database. The original version called SEQUEL (structured English query language) was designed by an IBM research center in 1974 and 1975. Oracle Corporation first introduced SQL as a commercial database system in 1979.
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SQL Server
A Relational Data Base Management System (RDBMS) from Sybase Corporation. SQL Server was designed for client/server use and is accessed by applications using SQL. It runs on OS/2, Windows NT, NetWare servers, VAXen, and UNIX workstations. Generically, any database management system (DBMS) that can respond to queries from client machines formatted in the SQL language. When capitalized, the term generally refers to either of two database management products from Sybase and Microsoft. Both companies offer client-server DBMS products called SQL Server.
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SRAM - Static Random-Access Memory
SRAM - Static Random-Access Memory
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SSI - Server Side Include
A type of HTML comment that directs the Web server to dynamically generate data for the Web page whenever it is requested.
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SSL - Secured Sockets Layer
A protocol that delivers server authentication, data encryption and message integrity. SSL is layered beneath application protocols such as HTTP, SMTP, Telnet, FTP, Gopher and NNTP, and layered above the connection protocol TCP/IP. This strategy allows SSL to operate independently of the Internet application protocols. With SSL implemented on both the client and server, your Internet communications are transmitted in encrypted form. Information you send can be trusted to arrive privately and unaltered to the server you specify and no other.
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Static IP
An IP address which is the same every time you log on to the Internet. See IP address for more information.
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The StreamWorks Player brings the power of networked audio and video to the desktop. You can play "live" and "on-demand" audio and video from StreamWorks Servers across the globe. The StreamWorks Transmitter allows for LIVE network encoding of digital audio and video over today's networks. Taking inputs from analog audio and video connections, like the ones on the back of a VCR, StreamWorks Transmitter is capable of enabling live, real-time MPEG audio and video over industry standard TCP/IP networks.
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